IELTS雅思口說第二部分「個人陳述」應試技巧

2020/08/24
  • 雅思口說
  • 雅思準備
IELTS雅思口說第二部分「個人陳述」應試技巧

在IELTS雅思口說第二部分「個人陳述」(individual long term)中,考官會給考生一個題目卡、鉛筆和草稿紙。題目卡上會給一個話題和需要在陳述中包含的要點,並在最後要求考生解釋這個話題的某一個方面。考生接下來有一分鐘的時間準備,然後發表一至兩分鐘的演說。考生需要那些技巧,才能說出一個內容豐富,條理清楚的答案呢?

Step 1: 看懂題目

考生在拿到題目卡後需仔細閱讀,以免偏離主題,甚至答非所問。讓我們看以下的例題:

Describe a sporting event that you have been to. You should say:
  • what it was
  • why you went there
  • what you saw exactly
and explain why you enjoyed or didn't enjoy it.

如果考生不是很確定題目的意義,可以使用適當的英文詢問考官,例如:

Do I have to talk about a sporting event that I participated in, or can I talk about a sporting event that I watched?

其它可以用來詢問題意的句型包含:

  • By … , do you mean …?
  • If I understand this correctly, it means that …
  • So, in other words, it's saying …
  • So, is it OK if I talk about …?
  • It says here … but I …

Step 2: 組織想法

考生可以根據題目卡上提到的要點,組織自己的答案。考生可以在草稿紙上寫筆記,甚至寫下稍後會說到的關鍵字。由於一分鐘的準備時間很短,考生不應在草稿紙上寫完整的句子。以下是上述題目的範例答題要點:

  • boyfriend's swimming competition – charity event
  • support him – first big competition
  • lots of races – freestyle, breaststroke …
  • he won breaststroke. proud.

Step 3: 介紹主題

許多時候,考生在準備雅思時間內想出很多豐富的想法,可是開始演說時,卻因為不知如何開場,導致之後的答案說得很結巴,被扣許多分數。因此,我們建議考生熟悉以下的開場句型。一旦開場順暢,考生就可以放鬆一點,也就比較容易講出其它準備的內容了。

  • OK then, I want to talk about …
  • Let me see, I'd like to talk about …
  • OK, I'm going to tell you about …
  • Right, I'd like to tell you about …

Step 4: 解釋感覺

從上面的例題中,我們可以發現,第二部分的題目經常請考生描述一段個人經驗,然後解釋對這段經驗的感覺或看法。所以考生除了需要能根據主題,快速想出相關的字彙外,考生也需要熟悉「解釋」的句型,例如:

  • The reason (I don't like) … is that …
  • One of the reasons is that …
  • One of the things … about … is …
  • What I like/dislike … is …
  • … because …

根據這些答題步驟與技巧,以下是例題的參考答案。相關的句型以底線標示:

OK, let's see. I want to tell you about the time I went to see my boyfriend take part in a swimming competition. It was part of a charity event – you know, making money for good causes. Anyway, why did I go? Well, I wanted to support him, to shout and cheer: it was his first big competition, and he was feeling a little bit, er … nervous. So, it was the first time I had been to such an event. I had seen it on TV before of course, but when I saw it in real life it was very exciting indeed! I saw many different styles – freestyle, breaststroke, backstroke, and butterfly. It was fantastic, you know? My boyfriend was in the breaststroke competition and the freestyle. He was very slow in the freestyle, but he won the breaststroke competition! I enjoyed the event a lot because it was very exciting and I felt very proud of my boyfriend.

總結

在本篇文章中,我們說明如何回答雅思口說第二部分的「個人陳述」。希望學員能夠應用在平常的練習與正式雅思檢定中。請持續關注我們的學習文章,一起戰勝雅思喔!

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