TOEIC新多益「句子插入題」解題技巧3訣竅

TOEIC好罩 2019/01/28 人氣(2835)

2018年TOEIC多益改制之後,閱讀第七部分增加了「句子插入題」的新題型。「句子插入題」要求考生將一個句子插入文章四個位置中最適當的位置。然而,這四個位置通常平均分佈在文章中。考生如何在有限的時間內,迅速正確地回答「句子插入題」呢?

「句子插入題」基本解題步驟

讓我們用以下的範例文章說明「句子插入題」的解題步驟:

Questions 1 through 4 refer to the following advertisement.

Busy downtown law firm seeks administrative assistant with 3–5 years' experience working in a law office. – [1] –. Must be proficient in the use of word processing and database programs and be familiar with common legal documents. Must have a good telephone manner and a pleasant appearance. – [2] –. Working knowledge of Spanish a plus. Duties include word processing, management of client database, maintaining files, directing phone calls, and assisting clients who come to our office. – [3] –. We offer a competitive salary, health insurance, and paid vacation, as well as opportunity for advancement. – [4] –. Must be able to provide 2 references and proof of employment eligibility.

1. What kind of position is advertised?

(A) Director of Human Resources
(B) Lawyer
(C) Administrative assistant
(D) Computer programmer

2. What is one skill required for this job?

(A) The ability to talk pleasantly on the telephone
(B) The ability to write legal documents
(C) The ability to develop computer programs
(D) The ability to find new clients

3. What is a benefit of this job?

(A) They will pay for your vacation expenses.
(B) You can make all the phone calls you want.
(C) You only have to work from 10 to 4.
(D) They will pay for your health insurance.

4. In which of the positions marked [1], [2], [3], and [4] does the following sentence best belong?

"To apply, call Ms. Ortiz, Director of Human Resources, between 10 and 4."
(A) [1]
(B) [2]
(C) [3]
(D) [4]

Step 1: 略讀文章,預測文章結構

在回答任何問題之前,學員應該先快速閱讀文章的前幾行。略讀的功能至少有兩點:(1) 了解文章的大意或目的。掌握文章的大意或目的後,稍後回答問題時,比較不容易受到陌生字彙的影響;(2) 喚醒我們背景知識,並且利用背景知識預測文章的結構。以範例文章來說,我們很快就可以看出這是一篇徵才廣告。我們可以預測文章將會包含「工作內容」、「徵才條件」、「薪資福利」、「應徵方式」等內容。

Step 2: 先回答其它題目,確認文章結構

「句子插入題」測驗考生對文章結構的理解。這個題型通常是題組的最後一題。我們建議考生先回答該題組的其它題目,這樣在答題的過程當中,考生自然就可以確認文章的結構,為稍後的「句子插入題」做好準備。第一題問正在應徵的職缺。我們可以很輕易地找出答案為(C) Administrative assistant。第二題問這個職缺需要的技能,也就是徵才條件。文章提到Must have a good telephone manner (必須擁有良好的電話禮節),因此答案選(A) The ability to talk pleasantly on the telephone。第三題問這份工作的福利。文章提到We offer a competitive salary, health insurance, and paid vacation, as well as opportunity for advancement. (薪資佳、健保、特休、升遷機會),因此答案選(D) They will pay for your health insurance. 通過閱讀與回答這些細節題,我們確認文章是一篇典型的徵才廣告。

Step 3: 根據文章結構,判斷插入句的適當位置

「句子插入題」的句子是To apply, call Ms. Ortiz, Director of Human Resources, between 10 and 4. 句子提到「應徵方式」。根據我們的背景知識,應徵方式通常在徵才廣告的最後會提到,而且文章的最後一句提到must be able to provide 2 references (必須提供兩位介紹人),正好也是應徵方法,所以我們可以確認正確答案是(D) [4]

答題訣竅

回答「句子插入題」時,我們必須精確了解插入句的意義,才能判斷該句在文章中的適當位置。以下我們再提供幾個訣竅:

1. 廣泛的概念vs. 特定的細節

如果插入句表達廣泛的概念,那麼它比較可能出現在文章開頭的位置。讓我們看以下的例子:

Dear community business owner,
As you may have heard, the city government is hosting a Kids' Day in the city park this July. It will include food, educational activities, arts and crafts projects, relay races, carnival rides, and all sorts of other fun and games.
– [1] –. You can set up a booth to sell your products or provide funding for this important community event. Our sponsor's logos will be printed on all of our flyers, banners, and T-shirts. – [2] –. This is an excellent opportunity to reach your potential customers and to present your company in a very positive light.
Please review the enclosed special sponsorship packet for our event sponsorship opportunities. – [3] –. Potential sponsors will need to fill out a registration form to sponsor events listed in the packet. For further details about becoming a community sponsor, please contact Lilian Craig at (650) 903-6607. – [4] –.
Thank you for your community participation.
Sincerely,
Beatrice Blunt
Community Events Manager

In which of the position marked [1], [2], [3], and [4] does the following sentence best belong?

"There are several ways for you to get involved in Kids' Day."
(A) [1]
(B) [2]
(C) [3]
(D) [4]

根據信件的第一段,我們可以預測Kids' Day的主辦單位希望收信人(企業主)可以參加Kids' Day的活動。插入句的意義是「您有幾種參與Kids' Day的方式」,表達廣泛的概念。插入句後面的句子,必須具體說明企業主參與Kids' Day的方法。信件中位置[1]的後面一句提到You can set up a booth to sell your products or provide funding for this important community event. (你可以擺攤位賣東西或贊助本活動),正好是企業主參與Kids' Day的具體方法,所以正確答案是(A) [1]

2. 注意插入句中的指涉詞或代名詞

如果插入句裡有指涉詞或代名詞(如this、that、it等)的話,考生需注意該指涉詞或代名詞與文章其它句子的「指涉」關係。讓我們看以下的例子:

(KINGSTON, October 29) Kingston City's renowned Chelsea Street is to be designed as a pedestrian zone from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. every Saturday next month, starting this weekend.
– [1] –. The historic Madison Village, where Chelsea Street is located, is a bustling business district known for its traditional garments, fabrics, arts, and crafts. The city's Tourism Office and Transit Division have collaborated in recent years to renovate the area and develop cultural tourism. – [2] –.
Chief Executive Secretary of Tourism Office Marvin Freeman said that 24 local businesses were to hold 18 street activities to promote the local heritage and traditional industries. A benefit recital featuring Sarah Jones, violinist and student of Kingston University, is also to be held on November 30 to raise money for the Madison Village homeless shelter. – [3] –.
During the period, vehicles – including bicycles – are prohibited from entering the pedestrian zone. – [4] –. People planning to visit the area on a Saturday this month should take a bus or train, said the Kingston City Transit Division.

In which of the positions marked [1], [2], [3] and [4] does the following sentence best belong?

"All vehicles that parked there will not be able to move or leave until after 4 p.m."
(A) [1]
(B) [2]
(C) [3]
(D) [4]

根據新聞報導的第一段,我們知道這則報導的重點是Kingston City的Chelsea Street每週六的早上十點到下午四點將被規劃成行人徒步區。插入句的意義是「所有停在那裡的車輛四點之前都不得駛離」。根據插入句裡的there,我們知道插入句的前面必須提到某個地方,而且這個地方不得行駛車輛。文章[4]的前面提到During the period, vehicles – including bicycles – are prohibited from entering the pedestrian zone. (在這段時間內,汽車與腳踏車都禁止進入行人徒步區)。the pedestrian zone正好是there所指涉的地方,所以正確答案是(D) [4]

3. 注意插入句中的轉折語

如果插入句裡有轉折語(如however、therefore、in addition等)的話,考生需注意插入句與文章其它句子的「邏輯」關係。讓我們看以下的例子:

April 1, 20--
Ralph Johnson
President
Computers, Inc.
1334 Maple Avenue
Suite 10
Mapleville, MI 02148

Dear Mr. Johnson:
On behalf of Steven Reynolds, owner of the building at 1334 Maple Avenue, I am writing this letter to inform you that the rent on your office is overdue. – [1] –. As of today, April 1st, you owe three months' back rent. According to the lease agreement signed by you, we are permitted to request that you vacate the premises following three months of nonpayment of rent. – [2] –. You are hereby notified that you are required to pay in full by April 15th. – [3] –. Payment must be made in the form of a cashier's check and must be received by this office on or before April 15th. We sincerely hope that we can resolve this matter in a manner satisfactory to all concerned. – [4] –. Please call me if you have any questions.

Sincerely,
Miriam Hopewell
Building Manager

In which of the positions marked [1], [2], [3] and [4] does the following sentence best belong?

"Otherwise, we will have to ask you to leave the building at the end of the month."
(A) [1]
(B) [2]
(C) [3]
(D) [4]

根據信件的第一句,我們知道收信人Mr. Johnson的辦公室租金逾期未繳。插入句的意義是「否則,我們將要求您月底前搬離本大樓」。根據插入句裡的otherwise,我們可以判斷前一句的內容應該是對Mr. Johnson的最後通牒。信件[3]的前面提到You are hereby notified that you are required to pay in full by April 15th. (您在四月十五之前需繳清(租金)),具有最後通牒的含意,所以正確答案即是(C) [3]

總結

在本篇文章中,我們示範如何回答多益改制後,閱讀第七部分「句子插入題」的新題型,希望考生能夠應用在平常的練習與正式的考試中。所以請持續關注我們的學習文章,一起戰勝新多益喔!

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