TOEIC多益 Part 7 公告類文章閱讀技巧

2020/03/30

公告是TOEIC多益第七部分「閱讀理解」(Reading Comprehension)的必考閱讀類型。公告的內容可能包括公司新政策、地方政府新措施、店面營業時間改變,或甚至是企業停業。面對變化多端的公告主題,考生除了增進主題字彙外,還能如何準備呢?

公告結構與常見句型

雖然考生無法預測公告的主題,可是許多公告都擁有類似的結構,而且某些句型經常出現在公告中。藉由熟悉這些結構與句型,考生可以更容易理解公告的重點,也更容易回答閱讀理解題。

讓我們用以下的公告範例,分析公告的結構與常見句型:

The Green Horizon Bank (GHB) is pleased to announce that we will be awarding ten (10) $2,500 scholarships to high school seniors. The applicant's parent or guardian must be a member of good standing with the GHB. The applicant must be enrolled in a college degree program during the 2020-2021 academic year. The applicant must submit an application form along with a transcript of grades and a typed essay, in 300 words or less, about a person or event that has been an inspiration. All documents must be received by the GHB by Monday, April 2, 2020, in order for the application to qualify for consideration. Application forms can be found online at www.ghb.com/scr, along with more details about the program.

既然公告的目的是宣布訊息,或者要求讀者做某件事,公告經常包括以下的要素:

1. 公告事項:公告內容。在上述公告中,GHB銀行宣布他們將要提供獎學金給學生。
2. 請求事項:公告經常請讀者做一些事。在上述公告中,GHB銀行請申請者填申請表、提供學校成績單、以及寫一篇短文。

與這兩個要素相對應的常見句型如下:

公告事項

The Green Horizon Bank (GHB) is pleased to announce that we will be awarding ten (10) $2,500 scholarships to high school seniors.

After more than 40 years of operating in Bardstown, we have made the difficult business decision to announce the closure of Pasta Factory.

請求事項

The applicant must submit an application form.

We would like to request that homeowners place their recycling containers away from the roads.

To preserve the relaxing environment, we ask that cellphones be put on silent while inside of our center.

公告閱讀與解題技巧

Step 1: 快速判斷公告的目標讀者。

讓我們看以下的公告:

Dear Divine Café Customers,

To serve you better with even more space, we are excited to announce that we are moving to a new store on 160 Maple Street. The store will open on June 4.

To celebrate this expansion, a Grand Opening will be held on June 8. The first 50 customers will receive a $30 coupon. All our pizzas will be buy one, get one free. Guests who spend more than $50 on the Grand Opening Day will enter a prize drawing to win a Caribbean cruise.

We look forward to seeing and serving you at the greatly improved location.

公告的第一句是「親愛的Divine Café顧客」,所以我們可以判斷目標讀者是餐廳顧客。

Step 2: 閱讀題目。留意題目與公告事項或請求的關係。

What is the passage mainly about?
(A) A store renovation
(B) A new business location
(C) A promotional campaign
(D) A customer loyalty program

題目詢問公告的主旨,所以考生需留意公告事項。

Step 3: 仔細閱讀公告。利用公告結構或句型回答問題。

公告的開頭提到「[...]我們很興奮宣布我們將搬到Maple街160號的新店面」(... we are excited to announce that we are moving to a new store on 160 Maple Street.),所以題目的答案是(B) A new business location (新的商家地點)

讓我們用一樣的策略閱讀以下公告與題目:

GUEST NOTICE

It may not be necessary for us to change your towels daily. To be more environmentally friendly, we ask the following:
Towels left on the rail will indicate you're happy to use them again. Towels placed in the bath or shower will be changed.

THANK YOU

What are the guests asked to do?
(A) Keep the bathroom floor dry
(B) Leave unwanted towels on the rail
(C) Leave unwanted towels in the bath
(D) Turn off air conditioning when leaving the room

公告的第一句提到「我們也許不需要每天更換您的毛巾」(It may not be necessary for us to change your towels daily.),所以我們可以判斷公告的目標讀者是飯店顧客。題目詢問顧客被要求做甚麼事,所以考生需注意公告中的請求事項。公告提到「[...]我們請求以下事項:放在毛巾架上的毛巾表示你會重複使用它們。放在浴缸或淋浴室的毛巾會被更換」(… we ask the following: Towels left on the rail will indicate you're happy to use them again. Towels placed in the bath or shower will be changed.),所以題目的答案是(C)將不想要的毛巾放在浴缸中(Leave unwanted towels in the bath)。

總結

在本篇文章中,我們解釋如何利用公告的結構與句型,讀懂公告的內容。希望學員能夠應用在平常的練習與正式的考試中。請持續關注我們的學習文章,一起戰勝多益喔!

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