在IELTS雅思聽力的題型中，「標記圖表題」(labeling a diagram)可能出現在聽力四個部分中的任何一個部分。許多人在準備雅思聽力時，經常對這種題型比較畏懼，因為這種題型不僅考驗考生的「空間感」，更考驗考生能否同時看圖以及了解聽力內容。在本篇文章中，我們將說明標記圖表題的解題步驟，並且提供題目演練。
「標示地圖題」(labeling a map)是一種常見的標示圖表題。針對地圖題，考生在平常練習時，應該先熟練描述「空間位置」與「報路」的常見語言。
at the top / at the bottom
on the left / on the right / on the far side
North / South / East / West
in the southwest / in the northeast
in the middle of / in the centre of
above / below
inside / outside
opposite / in front of
left-hand side / right-hand side
clockwise / anticlockwise
a little beyond / just past
move / walk / carry on
From section 1:
Write the correct letter A-H next to questions 8-10.
Where are the following blocks of flats situated?
8. Eastern Towers _______
9. Granby Mansions _______
10. Busby Garden _______
留意信號詞例如then 或and if you follow along。這些字表示說話者將繼續講下一個點或階段。
M: Are you looking to move into a flat soon?
W: I hope so, yes.
M: The thing is, we have a few flats at the moment that we'd like to get rented out by the end of the month.
W: I see.
M: They're all good flats, and at the price you want. There's one in Eastern Towers, one in Granby Mansions and another in Busby Garden. All three are nice blocks of flat.
W: Could you tell me where they are? I'm at the train station at the moment.
M: Eastern Towers, if you're coming from the stations, isn't very far. Cross over City Bridge. Then go left, and where the road divides, you want the right-hand fork. You'll see Eastern Towers on the left side of the road. It's a lovely, with trees around it.
W: That sounds nice. What about Granby Mansions?
M: The best way to get there from the station is probably to go down River Road and cross over Old Bridge. The road bends to the right, round the park, and if you follow along, you'll find it there, on the left side. That's a great location, with lovely views of the park.
W: Very nice. And you said there was one more?
M: Busby Garden, yes. OK, from the station, cross over City Bridge, keep going through the first crossroads until you come to the second crossroads. Busby Garden will be facing you, over to the right side. It's very convenient for the shops.
W: Fine. Thank you. Well, I'll see you on Saturday.
根據說話者的敘述，Eastern Towers的位置是B。Granby Mansions的位置是H。Busby Garden的位置則是E。
From section 2:
Label the diagram. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
Good morning, ladies and gentlemen. Thanks for letting me come and talk to you today. My name's Bill Loman and, as most of you know, I represent Acme Office Supplies. It's our job to bring you the very best in office supplies and we do everything we can to make your working day just that little bit more pleasant.
Now, do you have to move around from one part of the building to another? Do you ever wish you could take your desk with you, along with your laptop and other essential bits and pieces? Would be great, wouldn't it? Well, now you can, with this - the Mobile Office! It's ideal for any situation where the user sits, stands or moves about.
Take a closer look at it. This is a ruggedly constructed, highly adaptable unit. At the top is a flat work surface, where you can put your laptop computer and still have plenty of room for some files or documents. And you don't need to worry about your laptop accidentally getting knocked off because the laptop area is covered with a heavy-duty anti-slip rubber. There's even an optional laptop cable lock available. What's more, you can easily rotate the surface to cater for left and right-handed users. Now, chances are you may have to carry around all sorts of other bits and pieces – pens, erasers, a stapler, a hole punch, etc. Well, the Mobile Office can help you out there, too, with a storage option under the work surface. There are a range of options available, depending on the model, but they include a single utility drawer, a double utility drawer or, as shown here, a pencil drawer.
Now, some of us are short, some of us are tall. Sometimes we need to stand, others prefer to sit. So the desktop work surface is mounted on a fully adjustable stand. This means you can vary the height of the surface between 30½ and 42½ inches. The stand is mounted on top of a five-star castor base, making the whole unit fully mobile. And if you are worried about the unit moving during use you can also opt for locking castors, keeping the whole thing as solid as a rock. The next thing I'd like you to see is this. Now, if you've got a lot of confidential documents, you can't just throw them away …
針對第一題，當我們聽到work surface時，我們就要集中注意力專心聽。然後，當我們聽到you don't need to worry about your laptop accidentally getting knocked off (你不用擔心你的筆電不小心被打翻)時，我們可以預測答案就在後面，如此我們才可以清楚地聽到heavy-duty anti-slip rubber (厚實的防滑橡膠) 這幾個字。同樣的道理，第二題當我們聽到 a storage option under the work surface (工作檯面下的儲藏空間) 以及 There are a range of options available (有很多選項) 時，我們就要集中注意力，這樣才能夠聽清楚 pencil drawer (鉛筆抽屜)這兩個字。最後第三題，當我們聽到now時，我們可以判斷說話者將進入到下一個重點，然後當我們聽到adjustable stand (可調座)，我們就需要專心，這樣我們才可以聽清楚five-star castor base (五爪腳椅)這幾個字。