TOEIC多益第三部分「簡短對話」必備句型:「允許」與「請求」

2020/10/23
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TOEIC多益第三部分「簡短對話」必備句型:「允許」與「請求」

TOEIC多益第三部分「簡短對話」(Short Conversations)在100題的聽力測驗中占了13個題組共39題,配分比重高達百分之四十。多益對話的設計,以職場的需要為主。對話主題多元化,例如談判、工廠管理、人事雇用、送貨等等。面對多元化的主題與相關的字彙,考生除了勤練聽力、累積字彙外,還可以如何準備「簡短對話」呢?

語言功能:「允許」與「請求」

在生活或職場中,我們使用語言做許多事,例如:請求他人讓我們做某事、請求他人做某事。這些「語言功能」經常出現在各種多益情境中。如果考生熟悉表達這些語言功能的句型,他們會更容易聽懂多益的簡短對話,也更容易回答聽力理解題。我們首先看以下「允許」與「請求」的句型:

Asking for Permission Response
Can I take this afternoon off to take my mother to the hospital? • Yes. That's fine.
Do you think I could take a day off next week? • OK. Let me check the shift schedule.
Would it be OK if I used your computer to check my e-mail? • Sure. No problem.
Would you mind if I turned down the AC? • No. Go ahead.
Making Requests Response
Can you show me how to use this shredder? • Sure. My pleasure.
Could you loan me a few dollars for lunch? • I'm sorry. I don't have my wallet on me today.
Would you help me with these heavy boxes? • OK. No problem.
Would you mind sending me a list of guests who are coming to our product launch? • Of course not. I'll send it to you right away.

簡短對話範例題組

讓我們用以下的題組,說明以上的句型如何幫助考生聽懂簡短對話與回答聽力問題:

1. What does the man ask to do?
(A) Propose an idea
(B) Leave work early
(C) Take tomorrow off
(D) Use the company car

2. What does the woman recommend?
(A) A tour
(B) A hotel
(C) An airline
(D) A restaurant

3. What does the woman ask the man to do?
(A) Pick up a client
(B) Finish some work
(C) Go on a business trip
(D) Check out a tourist place

解題步驟:

Step 1: 閱讀題目,判斷題型

第一題是「男子請求做甚麼?」,所以考生可以預測男子在對話中會請求允許做某事。第二題是「女子推薦甚麼?」,所以考生必須專心聽女子推薦的東西。第三題是「女子請求男子做甚麼?」,所以我們可以預測女子會請男子做某件事。

Step 2: 專心聽對話,利用句型聽出答案

對話開始撥放後,考生便可以利用上述的「允許」與「請求」句型聽出題目的答案。讓我們看對話的文字稿,句型部分用底線標示:

M: Mrs. Brown, my parents are visiting from out of town today. Do you think I could take this afternoon off so I can pick them up at the airport and show them around town?
W: Sure. I hope they enjoy their stay here. If you're going to treat them to a nice dinner, I recommend Giovanni's Eatery on Meriden Street. They have fantastic Italian cuisine. Oh, by the way, Tim, can you finish your marketing proposal this afternoon before you go? We need to present the ideas to the board first thing next Monday, you know.
M: Sure. No problem. I'll have it done before I sign off for the day.

第一題的話,男子在對話的一開始提到「你覺得我可以今天下午請假去機場接他們,然後帶他們在鎮上逛逛嗎?」(Do you think I could take this afternoon off so I can pick them up at the airport and show them around town?),所以答案為(B) Leave work early。至於第二題,女子提到「如果你要帶他們吃頓好吃的晚餐,我推薦Meriden街上的Giovanni's Eatery。他們的義大利菜很好吃。」(If you're going to treat them to a nice dinner, I recommend Giovanni's Eatery on Meriden Street. They have fantastic Italian cuisine.),所以答案是(D) A restaurant。至於第三題,女子在對話中提到「對了,Tim,你可以今天下午走之前完成你的行銷提案嗎?」(Oh, by the way, Tim, can you finish your marketing proposal this afternoon before you go?),所以答案是(B) Finish some work。

總結

在本篇文章中,我們分析如何利用「允許」與「請求」的句型,回答「簡短對話」的題目。希望學員能夠應用在平常的練習與正式的考試中。請持續關注我們的學習文章,一起戰勝多益喔!

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