IELTS雅思聽力「填表題」與「選擇題」實戰技巧

2020/09/28
  • 雅思準備
  • 雅思考試
IELTS雅思聽力「填表題」與「選擇題」實戰技巧

IELTS雅思聽力的題型中,「填表題」(form completion)與「選擇題」(multiple choice)經常出現在聽力的第一部分生活對話。雖然生活對話的主題對雅思考生不難理解,可是填表題與選擇題經常需要考生準確聽出特定細節,一旦考生稍微一點不專心,他們就很容易漏聽或聽錯題目的答案。考生在考試時,應該如何做,才能準確聽出這兩種題型的答案呢?

填表題例題

讓我們看以下的例題:

Questions 1-7
Complete the form below. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.

填表題答題步驟

Step 1:詳讀作答指示

此大題要求我們用聽到的字填空。每題答案最多不超過三個字。

Step 2:瀏覽表格,預測對話主題

根據表格的標題,判斷對話的主題。以上面的例題來說,我們可以預測某個學生要報名註冊課程。

Step 3:判斷答案的詞性

對話開始前,考生會有時間閱讀題目。考生需根據題目的關鍵字,預測答案的類型。舉例來說,第一題的關鍵字是Surname,所以考生必須專心聽名字。至於第二題,關鍵字是Date of Birth,所以考生需要專心聽年、月、日。

Step 4:利用題目順序

聽力內容會按照題目的順序出題。舉例來說,當考生聽到first name的資訊時,就可以準備專心聽第一題的答案。

Step 5:留意題目關鍵字的同義字或轉述語

答案通常在關鍵字的同義字或轉述語附近。以第一題來說,surname的同義字是last name。如果我們聽到last name的話,我們就需要集中注意力,因為答案就在附近。

Step 6:注意拼字

注意拼字正確與否。答案拼錯字將被視為錯誤答案。

對話的聽力稿如下,題目的答案以底線標示:

(N = Nigel; R = Receptionist)
R: Hello! Hello, can I help you?
N: Yeah, I just wanted to … is this where you apply for courses?
R: Well, it depends what course you want to take.
N: Um …, business administration.
R: Fine. Take a seat and we'll complete all the necessary forms.
N: Oh, … thanks!
R: Now, what's your first name?
N: Nigel.
R: Nigel. OK. And last name?
N: Tufnell.
R: Sorry … ?
N: Tufnell. T-U-F-N-E-L-L
R: And when were you born?
N: When was I born? Er, 7th July 1994.
R: OK and you're male. And you were born in the UK?
N: Yeah. British.
R: And your first language is English?
N: Er … yeah.
R: Address?
N: 12 Castle Street, Oxford.
R: Postcode?
N: Oh, no! I knew you were going to ask me that. I can never remember it! It's OX4 … OX4 … 2PG. No! OX4 … 2JP. That's it!
R: Sure?
N: Positive.
R: Your phone number?
N: Oh, that's easy! 01865 72388 (double eight).
R: Now, qualifications. Any ‘A' levels?
N: Yeah. Three.
R: Subjects and grades, please.
N: Um … math, B. Economics the same and then er, history
R: And what did you get for that?
N: E.
R: Oh, dear. Well, at least you passed.
N: Yeah.

第一題的話,當考生聽到first name是Nigel時,就必須集中注意力,專心準備聽第一題的答案。由於Tufnell並非常見的姓氏,所以對話中的學生會將名字拼出來。考生需邊聽邊將名字準確拼出。至於第二題到第五題,考生需正確聽寫日期、地址、電話。第六題的話,學生需仔細聽學科的成績(字母)。而第七題,學生需專心聽學科的名字。

選擇題例題

讓我們看以下的例題:

Questions 8–10
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.

8. The course code is
(A) BA010.
(B) BA101.
(C) BA011.

9. The course lasts
(A) a month.
(B) 9 months.
(C) 12 months.

10. The nearest cashpoint is next to
(A) the main lecture theater.
(B) the canteen.
(C) the library.

選擇題答題步驟

Step 1:找出題目與選項中的關鍵字

除了找出關鍵字,考生也需思考它們的同義字或轉述詞。

Step 2:留意干擾選項

除了正確答案或它們的轉述詞外,對話通常也會提到錯誤選項。考生需仔細聆聽,以聽出正確答案。

對話的聽力稿如下,題目的答案以底線標示:

R: And it's business administration you want to do, isn't it?
N: Business administration. That's right, yes.
R: That's code, code … let me just check … yes, BA010. OK, the next course starts next semester. That's the fourth of October.
N: How long does it last?
R: A full academic year.
N: A year?
R: An academic year. That's around nine months.
N: Oh. OK. Good. Good.
R: Now all I need from you is a cheque covering the cost of the course, which is £3,500.
N: I didn't realise you'd need it today.
R: Well, you don't have to pay it all right now, but obviously you need to pay before you start the course and there are only a limited number of places, so …
N: Can I give you a deposit?
R: A 10% deposit would secure your place, yes.
N: Is there a bank round here?
R: There's a cashpoint. Go out of this building. Turn left. Go past the library, and the cashpoint is just by the main lecture theatre, opposite the canteen.
N: OK. I'll … I'll go and get the money.
R: You'd better hurry; the office is closing in five minutes.
N: OK, won't be long.

除了第八題在對話中沒有提到干擾選項外,第九與第十題都有干擾選項。例如第九題的干擾資訊是a year,第十題則提到了library與canteen。考生需仔細聆聽,才能聽到區辨正確答案。

總結

在本篇文章中,我們討論了如何回答雅思聽力中的「填表題」與「選擇題」。希望學員可以將以上的方法應用在平常的練習與實際的考試中。請持續關注我們的文章,一起戰勝雅思考試喔!

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