現代人的疾病與常用醫藥英語

美語生活圈 2017/04/05 人氣(4442)
Written by 布里安娜

布里安娜自從被人擦撞車禍一直到現在很不開心,因為看著這整天包著的手腕(wrist)和膝蓋(knee),由不得淚從中來想者什麼時候才能去健身房阿!!又剛好去了日本大阪和京都,受老母之託去買了每個人最愛在日本買的藥品,所以迅速買了所有免稅(tax free)的藥品要來吃個一年半載,頭好壯壯並讓傷勢快好起來。今天就要教大家一些普遍疾病名稱與常用藥品的英文。
 
現代人常有的疾病與症狀( diseases and symptoms)
headache : 頭痛,有關痛 ache 字有很多,backache, 背痛stomachache 胃痛, toothache牙痛, 而相對就要吃 pain killer 止痛藥或是aspirin 阿斯匹林。

diarrhea: 腹瀉  或相反的 便秘是constipation. 因為長年的胃食道逆流(heartburn reflux),所以布里安娜買了大家都說讚的WakamoOO¸來調養身體,通常胃藥就是stomach medicine 或stomach powder (粉) 和 pills
spasm/sprain/ twist: 抽筋,肌肉扭傷拉傷,通常會用painkiller 或一些muscle gel/ ointment 凝膠 或藥膏。
bruise: 瘀青
scratches/ scrapes: 擦傷,挫傷
bone fracture: 骨折,這就很嚴重啦要去看X ray inspection , X光檢查,
dislocation: 脫臼,或就是移位,這需要師傅喬回來。
concussion: 腦震盪,由頭部受劇烈撞擊而造成,需做斷層掃描(英文名稱為Computerized Tomography,之後改稱為Computed T.或Computor Assisted T.,簡稱CT。)
numb: adj. 麻痺,常常四隻手腳末端麻痺的需要多讓氣血循環,要常做有氧運動(aerobics).
inflammation: 發炎,通常醫生開的都有止痛抗發炎的藥。
nausea:惡心,想吐
stuffy nose:鼻塞
allergic 過敏的 adj.  I am allergic to seafood. 我對海鮮過敏。
runny nose 流鼻水
a sore throat 喉嚨痛 

10個常用台灣藥品名 
Eye drop: 眼藥水。要含B6的才有效
Antibiotics: 抗生素
Cold capsule: 感冒膠囊
Cough syrup: 咳嗽糖漿
Sleeping pills: 安眠藥
Steroid : 類固醇
Narcotic drugs:麻醉藥
Muscle and joint spray: 肌樂
Saline solution / natural saline: 生理食鹽水
iodine (n.) 優碘 

常用醫療辭彙
prescription:藥方 藥單 處方籤
bandage: 繃帶
band-aid: ok 蹦
clinic : 診所
treatment: 治療 醫療
register at a hospital: 掛號(在醫院)
health insurance: 健保
for external use: 外用藥
oral contraceptive; pill: 口服避孕藥
tablet: 藥片 

如何用英文溝通

掛號, 欠卡押單, 還單退錢問候
May I help you , Mr. / Madam ? 
Is there anything I can do for you ?
What can I do for you , Mr. / Madam ?

詢問症狀,看診科別
What's wrong with you , Mr. / Miss.? 
What's the matter with you, Mr. / Miss. ? 
Which department would you like to be registered ?

就診前掛號
Now let me help you with registration .
I help you with registration before seeing a doctor.
Let me help you register in advance.

確定有無健保身份時 
Do you have medical insurance in Taiwan ? 
Have you had a health insurance IC card ?

初診掛號沒建保, 欲建立基本資料時 
May I see your ID card or passport to help you fill in the form ?

欠卡押單
Because you haven't had a health insurance IC card yet, today you have to pay a deposit XXX dollars in advance.

告知還單, 退錢
You have to bring your health insurance IC card and this receipt back to us within 7 days. Then we will pay your money back./ Then we will refund a deposit to you.

this receipt : 押單收據

自費看診 
Sorry ! Because you don't have a health insurance IC card .Today you need to self-pay.


 

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